Is congestive heart failure common in the elderly? (2023)

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Is congestive heart failure common in elderly?

Heart failure is a cardiac condition where the heart does not pump blood as efficiently as it should, resulting in a lack of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. Though it affects people of all ages, heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalizations in people older than 65.

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Is congestive heart failure common?

More than 5 million people in the United States have congestive heart failure. It's the most common diagnosis in hospitalized patients over age 65. One in nine deaths has heart failure as a contributing cause.

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Can a healthy person have congestive heart failure?

In a healthy heart, the ejection fraction is 50% or higher — meaning that more than half of the blood that fills the ventricle is pumped out with each beat. But heart failure can occur even with a normal ejection fraction. This happens if the heart muscle becomes stiff from conditions such as high blood pressure.

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What causes congestive heart failure in elderly?

The most common cause of congestive heart failure is coronary artery disease. Risk factors for coronary artery disease include: high levels of cholesterol and/or triglyceride in the blood. high blood pressure.

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Is congestive heart failure always progressive?

Congestive heart failure is a chronic, progressive condition that affects heart function. It can be life-threatening if left untreated.

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What is mild congestive heart failure?

What are the symptoms of mild congestive heart failure? The patient may experience bouts of fluid retention and weight gain, shortness of breath on exertion, and decreased exercise tolerance. Some patients may have significant problems with swelling of their legs.

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How sudden is congestive heart failure?

Sometimes symptoms appear suddenly, and sometimes they develop slowly over time. The most common heart failure symptoms are shortness of breath and swelling in the lower body.

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Do most people survive congestive heart failure?

One study says that people with heart failure have a life span 10 years shorter than those who don't have heart failure. Another study showed that the survival rates of people with chronic heart failure were 80% to 90% for one year, but that dropped to 50% to 60% for year five and down to 30% for 10 years.

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What is the difference between heart failure and congestive heart failure?

Heart failure often refers to early-stage weakening of the heart without congestion. As the damage to the heart progresses, it causes fluid to build up in the feet, arms, lungs, and other organs, which is referred to as congestion, throughout the body. This stage of heart failure is called CHF.

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Should you walk with congestive heart failure?

Walking helps congestive heart failure patients in several ways: Reduces heart attack risk, including cutting the risk of having a second heart attack. Strengthens their hearts and improves lung function. Long term, aerobic activity improves your heart's ability to pump blood to your lungs and throughout your body.

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Can an elderly person recover from congestive heart failure?

As a clinical condition, yes, heart disease cannot be completely eliminated for patients of any age. However, we have treatments that can make it better. It's a progressive illness, and it's not something we can cure, but we can slow it down. It can progress so slowly so it doesn't seem like it's progressing at all.

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How old are people who get congestive heart failure?

As you get older, you are more likely to have heart failure — it's the leading cause of hospitalization for people over age 65. But men and women under 65 also are at risk for developing heart failure.

Is congestive heart failure common in the elderly? (2023)
What can be done for heart failure in the elderly?

Common treatments include: lifestyle changes – including eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and stopping smoking. medicine – a range of medicines can help; many people need to take 2 or 3 different types. devices implanted in your chest – these can help control your heart rhythm.

How do you prevent congestive heart failure from getting worse?

How Can I Prevent Heart Failure From Getting Worse?
  1. Treat you high blood pressure. ...
  2. Monitor your own symptoms. ...
  3. Maintain fluid balance. ...
  4. Limit how much salt (sodium) you eat. ...
  5. Monitor your weight and lose weight if needed. ...
  6. Monitor your symptoms. ...
  7. Take your medications as prescribed. ...
  8. Schedule regular doctor appointments.
20 Aug 2022

Can congestive heart failure disappear?

It is possible to reverse congestive heart failure. Once the condition of your heart is assessed, the physician will take further steps to treat your congestive heart failure and start appropriate treatment.

How long can congestive heart failure go on?

The life expectancy for congestive heart failure depends on the cause of heart failure, its severity, and other underlying medical conditions. In general, about half of all people diagnosed with congestive heart failure will survive 5 years. About 30% will survive for 10 years.

What diseases can mimic congestive heart failure?

  • Alcoholism.
  • Alzheimer's Disease.
  • Amenorrhea.
  • Amyloidosis.
  • Anorexia Nervosa.
  • Bulimia Nervosa.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
  • Cirrhosis.

How do you live with congestive heart failure?

Exercise and Manage Your Weight

Ensure that you get plenty of rest throughout the day. Minimize your stress level when possible. Rapid weight gain may be a sign that you are retaining fluid, so weighing yourself daily is very important to managing CHF.

Is congestive heart failure caused by stress?

Heart disease is another potential stress-related problem. Stress may lead to high blood pressure, which can pose a risk for heart attack and stroke. Stress also may contribute to such cardiovascular disease risks as smoking, overeating and lack of physical activity.

What is the most common treatment for congestive heart failure?

Surgery. Medicines are the main treatment for heart failure, but for some people surgery may help. Operations that can help with heart failure include: heart valve surgery.

How long can an elderly person live with congestive heart failure?

Most people with end-stage heart failure have a life expectancy of less than 1 year.

How long can an 80 year old live with congestive heart failure?

A report averaging several smaller studies found that people under age 65 generally had a 5-year survival rate of 78.8 percent following CHF diagnosis. The same report found that people over age 75 had an average 5-year survival rate of 49.5 percent following diagnosis.

Is congestive heart failure considered a terminal illness?

CHF is NOT a death sentence

While serious, congestive heart failure diagnosis doesn't mean your life is over. It's important to understand how manageable it is. By taking the right steps, patients can learn to live a happy and fulfilling life. Will there be necessary lifestyle changes?

How do you know the end is near with congestive heart failure?

Patients in the end stages of heart failure want to know what to expect. The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking.

Are there 2 types of congestive heart failure?

Systolic CHF - Systolic CHF occurs when the left ventricle is unable to contract with enough force to circulate blood properly. Diastolic CHF - Diastolic CHF occurs when the heart muscle becomes stiff.

What is a good blood pressure for someone with heart failure?

Little robust evidence exists regarding the optimal blood pressure target for patients with heart failure, but a value near 130/80 mmHg seems to be adequate according to the current guidelines.

How long can an 89 year old live with congestive heart failure?

Much depends on the stage of your loved one's condition, and their overall health. While advancements have been made, according to a 2008 study, 50% of patients will have an average life expectancy of five years. For those with advanced heart failure, up to 90% will pass away within one year.

How long does an 80 year old live with congestive heart failure?

A report averaging several smaller studies found that people under age 65 generally had a 5-year survival rate of 78.8 percent following CHF diagnosis. The same report found that people over age 75 had an average 5-year survival rate of 49.5 percent following diagnosis.

How serious is heart failure in the elderly?

Heart failure is a serious long-term condition that will usually continue to get slowly worse over time. It can severely limit the activities you're able to do and is often eventually fatal. But it's very difficult to tell how the condition will progress on an individual basis. It's very unpredictable.

How long does an elderly person live with congestive heart failure?

Most people with end-stage heart failure have a life expectancy of less than 1 year.

Is congestive heart failure a slow death?

Abstract. Patients with congestive heart failure have a high incidence of sudden cardiac death that is attributed to ventricular arrhythmias. The mortality rate in a group of patients with class III and IV heart failure is about 40% per year, and half of the deaths are sudden.

How do you know when congestive heart failure is end-stage?

Patients in the end stages of heart failure want to know what to expect. The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking.

Can you stop the progression of congestive heart failure?

Although heart failure is a serious condition that progressively gets worse over time, certain cases can be reversed with treatment. Even when the heart muscle is impaired, there are a number of treatments that can relieve symptoms and stop or slow the gradual worsening of the condition.

How quickly does heart failure progress?

The progress of heart failure is unpredictable and different for each person. In many cases, the symptoms remain at a stable level for quite some time (months or years) before becoming worse. In some cases the severity and symptoms become gradually worse over time.

Can you have congestive heart failure for years?

In general, more than half of all people diagnosed with congestive heart failure will survive for 5 years. About 35% will survive for 10 years. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic, progressive condition that affects the heart's ability to pump blood around the body.

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